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Stormwater Pollution Prevention Plans

A stormwater pollution prevention plan (SWPPP) is a fundamental requirement of stormwater permits. A SWPPP:
  • identifies all potential sources of pollution which may reasonably be expected to affect the quality of storm water discharges from the construction site
  • describes practices to be used to reduce pollutants in storm water discharges from the construction site, and
  • helps assure compliance with the terms and conditions of the permit (when the plan is designed for the individual site, and is fully implemented)

SWPPP requirements vary somewhat from state to state, although there are fewer differences now than a few years ago because states are adopting the federal SWPPP requirements. The requirements for each state are spelled out in the stormwater permit issued by your state agency. The Stormwater Resource Locator (SWRL) provides information on the SWPPP requirements for each individual state.

EPA published Developing Your Stormwater Pollution Prevention Plan: A Guide for Construction Sites in May 2007. This “SWPPP Guide” contains detailed information on developing and implementing a construction site SWPPP. It also contains a customizable SWPPP Template and a sample Inspection Form (both in Microsoft Word).

EPA’s website also includes two “model or example” SWPPPs that the Agency completed for two hypothetical construction sites (to be used for educational or training purposes only):

As well as templates for inspection and corrective action reports:

The EPA SWPPP Guide is designed to be used nationwide, in any state, territory or Indian land, in conjunction with the applicable state or EPA NPDES Construction General Permit. To find your NPDES permitting authority and the applicable Construction General Permit, see or Stormwater Resource Locator. The Stormwater Resource Locator also will help you identify other applicable federal, state, tribal or local erosion and sediment control and stormwater management requirements.

Download and print the SWPPP Guide at, where you’ll also find the SWPPP Template and sample Inspection Form, and example SWPPPs. For printed copies, please contact EPA’s publications warehouse (National Service Center for Environmental Publications) at 1-800-490-9198 or and reference the EPA document control number (EPA 833-R-06-004) in your request.


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